What Makes Resources Capital? The Labour Market Integration of Highly Skilled Japanese in Finland



Capital is viewed as an essential instrument for highly skilled migrants (HSMs) to gain employment in a host country. Although scholars analyse the impact of capital on the labour market integration, the difference between capital and resources is rarely made. Treating resources such as a degree or networks as capital is too unspecific and disguises what is truly counted as capital that affects the occupational attainment of HSMs. This study addresses this issue by analysing what resources are used by HSMs to gain employment in a host country and what makes resources capital in HSMs’ occupational attainment. To do so, the study conducts semi-structured interviews with Japanese from the Finnish university who seek employment in Finland. An analysis of these interviews yields cultural and social resources used during their job search. It also identifies the Finnish job market and the job-seeking intention of highly skilled Japanese as key elements to create capital out of resources. Eventually, this study contributes to the debate on the concept of capital and its role in the labour market integration of HSMs. Furthermore, it offers an extensive viewpoint on the topic of HSMs and integration in the Finnish context through the empirical data.


CapitalResourcesBourdieuThe labour market integrationHighly skilled Japanese
  • Year: 2022
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Page/Article: 72–87
  • DOI: 10.33134/njmr.392
  • Submitted on 19 Oct 2020
  • Accepted on 7 May 2021
  • Published on 7 Mar 2022
  • Peer Reviewed