Latvian Migrants’ Circular or Permanent Migration to Norway: Economic and Social Factors



This article analyses migration decisions and labour market manoeuvring of Latvian migrants to Norway, as well as the economic and social conditions that influence their choices. How do they adapt to the labour market in Norway? Do they practise circular migration, or do they aim for more permanent settlement? For some circular migrants, ‘reinforced’ motivation for migration emerges gradually, partly related to differences in working conditions – lower workload, better enforcement of work-safety regulations and opportunities for specialising in their field. Family and networks can influence both return and permanent settlement, depending on whether these are based in the home country or in Norway.


LatviaNorwayLabour migrationCircular migrationPermanent migration
  • Year: 2019
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 1
  • Page/Article: 61-79
  • DOI: 10.2478/njmr-2019-0007
  • Published on 1 Mar 2019
  • Peer Reviewed